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MACR PILOT: 2Lt  Hugh E.  Holladay  - O-817443

MACR: 08821 FICHE : 03238

ORGANIZATION

LOCATION: AAF Station #139 COMMAND: VIII AF GROUP: 100th Bomb Gp (H) AAF
SQUADRON: 350th BS DETACHMENT:  
     

DETAIL

DEPARTURE:AAF Station #139 INITIAL COURSE: SE  
INTENDED DESTINATION: Ruhland    
MISSION TYPE:Operational    

WEATHER & VISIBILITY AT TIME OF LAST REPORT

CONDITION: 7 - 10/10 Undercast    

GIVE

DATE: 1944-09-11 TIME: 12:05 LOCATION: 5535N - 1310E

SPECIFY:

Last Sighted

CONFIRMED OR BELIEVED REASON FOR LOSS

LOSS DUE TO : Enemy aircraft

OTHER REASON FOR LOSS:

AIRCRAFT: 42-102695

TYPE: B-17 SERIES: G  
     
     

ENGINES:

MODEL: R-1820-97    
A: SW-148297
B: SW-015360
C: SW-015561
D: SW-022526
   

INSTALLED WEAPONS:

A: 779708
B: 606279
C: 595281
D: 778515
E: 599141
F: 779802
G: 778405
H: 782134
I: 715991
J: 448027
K: 778513
L: 778509

PERSONS BELOW ARE LISTED AS:

CASUALTY TYPE: Battle casualty  
NUMBER OF PERSONS ON BOARD:    
CREW: 9 PASS: 0 TOTAL: 9

PERSONNEL:

POSITION NAME RANK SERIAL
P1
P2 Hugh E.  Holladay 2Lt O-817443
CP Howard E. Potts 2Lt O-822915
NAV (N) Roy M. Lynch 2Lt O-718366
BOM (B) Joseph E. Michaud 2Lt O--712197
RAD Harlan R. Tarter TSgt 15097885
ENG Nick C. Morrale TSgt 35313453
BAL Delbert M. Gadberry SSgt 37534889
WG (W) Nick R DeSanto SSgt 35234180
WG (W)
TG (T) Robert F. Duncan SSgt 35911807

PERSONS WHO ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE LAST KNOWLEDGE OF AIRCRAFT

W.C. Ivosevic 2Lt O-818525
Last sighted
J.H. McLaughlin 2Lt O-816523
Last sighted    
T.H. Kemp 1Lt O-812277
Last sighted

PERSONNEL WHO ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE SURVIVED

REASON: Unknown OTHER: Aircraft appeared to be under control when disappeared into the undercast  

EYEWITNESS DESCRIPTIONS OF CRASH

Report:
"The group in which A/C 695 was flying was attacked by 50 to 70 enemy aircraft. The attack caused at least three of our aircraft to explode and most of the others appeared to be damaged, some were attacked again as stragglers. In a few minutes all but one disappeared beneath the undercast. Since none of them returned no account of the loss of specific aircraft is available. About half of them appeared to be under control as they disappeared into the undercast. Two chutes were seen before the aircraft disappeared, but from which aircraft they came is undetermined,"
   
   
Second Witness: No Data  
Report:

DESCRIPTION OF SEARCH EFFORT

DETAIL:No search made.

PREPARING OFFICER

PREPARED BY: WALTER G. BURKE 1st Lt. Air Corps Assistant Adjutant

DATE PREPARED: 1999-11-30

TRANSCRIBER NOTES


REPORT:

**** THERE IS NEW INFORMATION AND CAN BE FOUND IN REVISED MACR'S 0001 AND 0002 FOR LT CARLTON AND LT HOLLADAY. BASED ON NEW INFORMATION FROM JAN ZDIARSKY'S RESEARCH AND PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE. IT IS NOW FACT THAT LT CARLTON FLEW 42-102695 " AND LT HOLLADAY CREW FLEW 42-97154 "OUR BABE HUTCHIE" ...MPF 2014**********

On 11 Sep 44, a 2nd Lt. Roy M. Lynch (from crew of Lt. A. W. Grigg) was aboard as NAV in place of Lt. William Pinson. Lynch was KIA. This was the first mission for Lynch and the fourth for the rest of the crew.

All the information given on these questionnaires is to the best of my knowledge. While I was in the hospital at Hohenstein, Ger., My pilot and engineer were with me, and we had a chance to pool our information to come to the following story on what happened. We were attacked by approximately 60 FW 190s from 6 o'clock high into the sun. Except for the tail gunner calling me on the intercom and telling me about the dog fighting going on behind us, no one knew about the attack until they hit us.

The first attack was made by one fighter on our plane, and he got direct hits in our tail, No.1 engine, batteries, Bomb bays, and probably the radio room. Fire broke out in and around No.1 engine, and in the bomb bays. Our oxygen, radio, inter phone, and electrical system were all shot out on this first attack. The tail gunner was undoubtedly instantly killed when the tail was struck. Our plane started to slowly get out of control and left the formation in a left turn. At this time, several more FWs pounced on us and got many more hits in our plane. One 20mm hit #3 engine just as I was having the navigator pass the emergency oxygen bottles, or as I was trying to let him know that we were out of oxygen. This shell seemed to have blown up in our face, and the whole side of the plane was blown away. Shrapnel struck Lynch in the face and stomach, and myself in the right side between pieces of my flak suit. This was a terrific blow and it knocked us out. I don't know how long I was dazed, but the next thing I remember is that the plane was going down in a spin, about 350 MPH.

The co-pilot, pilot, and engineer bailed out at the time of the second attack, but the co-pilot didn't make it right then because of the great amount of fumes and smoke. No one knows what was going on in the rear of the plane during this time because the bomb-bay was on fire and no one could go through and we didn't know what was going on since the bail-out bell was out of order. The pilot and engineer managed to get out before the plane went into the spin.

Just as I came to, I realized I had to get out, but the centrifugal force was so great that I couldn't move from my position in the nose. I reached over to put on my chute just the same and at this instant the plane blew up. The co-pilot went out through a hole in the side of the ship, and I went out through the wind screen by the force of the explosion.

The plane broke just behind the radio room at the nose in front of the cockpit, at the tail, and both wings were ripped off. It is assumed the tail gunner was killed instantly by a direct hit, and so was the navigator. The waist gunner went down in his section trying to help the ball turret man get out of the turret, and the radio operator went down in his section, either unconscious, or disabled in some way if not dead at the time.

All this action took place at 24,000 feet over an elapsed time of not more than one minute and a half, if not less. This is the nearest we can get to a calculation of what took place. What pertains to the men in the cockpit and nose we know is fact, but what happened to the rear of the bomb bay was beyond our knowledge or control due to the conditions. I'm sure things must have been serious back there since they could see the fire in the engines, the bomb bay, and what happened in our tail. Also, the number of planes that went down around us was sufficient warning to let them know what was happening to us. If there was any possible way they would have gotten out."  Joseph E. Michaud