COMMENTS & NOTES
ORGINAL 100TH PILOT OF 349TH CREW #4, A/C #42-30035 (TORCHY…named after Jim Browns wife's)
1ST LT SAM L. "SAMMY" BARR P: CPT, 14 JAN 44 FORET D' HESDIN (349th Commanding Officer) sn 0-791275
F/O DAN BARNA CP: POW, 10 OCT 43 MUNSTER (CREW# 7 LT MacCARTER CREW) WORE DARK GLASSES ALL THE
TIME (HAD CRABS AND THEY PUT HIM IN THE CLOSET WITH A GAS MASK AND FUMEGATED HIM)
2ND LT JAMES R. BROWN NAV: SWA, 15 SEP 43 PARIS TAPS SEPTEMBER 1993
2ND LT HOWARD J. "CRYIN JOE" KELLY BOM: CPT, 30 JAN 44 BRUNSWICK
T/SGT ROBERT E. CLIFF TTE: CPT, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D' ESQUERDES
S/SGT WILLIAM OHL WG: CPT, 24 FEB 44 POSEN
T/SGT MICHAEL J. TANOWIGCH ROG: KIA, 6 MAR 44 BERLIN
S/SGT MAX RUSS BTG: CPT, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D'ESQUERDES
S/SGT HOBART SPIRES WG: KIA, 6 MAR 44 BERLIN
S/SGT JAMES T. HITEN TG: CPT, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D' ESQUERDES
NOTES: SWA DENOTES SEVERELY WOUNDED IN ACTION
THE NAVIGATOR, JAMES R. BROWN, WAS THE 100TH'S REVERED HISTORIAN UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1993
This Crew flew with a few different Co Pilots Lt Barna, Lt Brooks (Victor Reed Crew), Lt Jack Boyd (spare CP, ended up CP on Lt Floyd Jr.Crew) and Lt Albert Amiero (info courtesy of Big Joe Armanini) Lt Amerio flew as CP on this crew and was with them when they went to the flak house in October of 43.
Getting the name "Cryin Joe" Kelly
Howard Kelly use to drink a lot and when he did he became very sentimental and felt sorry for himself. When that happened he would cry in his beer so Jim Brown nicknamed him "Crying Joe" . During one mission a six inch piece of flak came through the nose and hit him in the the chest. Good thing he was wearing his flak jacket.
COL BARR FLEW 50 MISSIONS WITH THE 100TH, SECOND ONLY TO COL "ROSIE" ROSENTHAL'S 52. HE WAS THE LAST OF THE ORIGINAL 100TH AIRMEN TO FLY COMBAT MISSIONS, LEAVING THE 349TH FOR THE HQ DET OF THE 100TH ON 18 JAN 1945.
STARTING FROM THE FIRST MISSION OF 25 JUN 43 UNTIL JAN 45 THE INTREPID MISSISSIPIAN WAS ON COMBAT STATUS.
TO THE DISMAY OF ALL 100TH VETERANS "SAMMY" APPEARED ON THE 1986 TAPS LIST. COL BARR DIED 17 APR 1986 AS THE RESULT OF A MAJOR STROKE. HE IS MOURNED AND MISSED, BUT WILL NEVER BE FORGOTTEN BY THE 100TH.
349TH CREW #8 A/C #42-30090 "El P'sstofo"
1ST LT VICTOR REED P: TRANSFERRED FROM 100TH
F/O CHARLES A. BROOKS CP: CPT, 16/12/43 BREMEN
2ND LT HOWARD D. BASSETT NAV: CPT, 14 JAN 44 FORET D' HESDIN
2ND LT JOSEPH P. ARMANINI BOM: CPT, 24 FEB 44 POSEN
T/SGT GLENN N. ALBRIGHT TTE: CPT, 14 JAN 44 FORET D' HESDIN
S/SGT RICHARD O. DETWEILER WG: CPT, 13 FEB 44 LIVOSSART
T/SGT JAMES S. DOUGHERTY ROG: CPT, DATE & MISSION UNKNOWN
S/SGT RICHARD M. PRICE BTG: NOC
S/SGT THOMAS D. BAER WG: KIA, 6 MAR 44 BERLIN WITH LT ALBERT AMIERO CREW
S/SGT CLIFFORD T. MINER TG: NOC
349th Sqdn. This is an "Original" crew that flew over with the group.
Charlie Brooks became pilot of the crew and completed the tour. Howard
Bassett replaced me (J.R. Brown) as navigator of the Sam Barr crew after
I was wounded 15 Sept. 1943. Joe Armanini had replaced Joe Kelly as bombardier
of the Barr crew somewhere around August 15,1943
Although no records have been found to substantiate the completion of
their tours (25 missions) it is certainly a safe assumption that both
Price and Miiner did become "Lucky Bastards" .
Thomas "Teddy" Baer was with tne crew of A. Amiero when killed over
AT ABOUT THIS TIME, "BIG JOE" ARMANINI REPLACED "CRYING JOE" KELLY ON THE SAMMY BARR CREW AND SOME WEEKS LATER HOWARD BASSETT REPLACED JIM BROWN AS NAVIGATOR ON SAMMY BARRS CREW. T/SGT DOUGHERTY WAS ALSO MOVED TO THE BARR CREW REPLACING MIKE TANOWIGCH AS ROG.
CHARLES BROOKS CONTINUED AS CO-PILOT AND THEN AS A FIRST PILOT. A FEW DAYS BEFORE CHRISTMAS 1943, 1ST LT BROOKS FLEW HIS 25TH MISSION AS PILOT OF "SQUAWKIN HAWK".
CAPT BARR CREW AFTER SEPTEMBER 15, 1943
1ST LT SAM L. BARR P: CPT, 14 JAN 44 FORET D' HESDIN (flew 50 missions) 349th Commanding Officer
F/O DAN BARNA CP: POW, 10 OCT 43 MUNSTER (CREW #7)
2ND LT HOWARD D. BASSETT NAV: CPT, 14 JAN 44 FORET D' HESDIN (from Victor Reed Crew)
2ND LT JOSEPH P. ARMANINI BOM: CPT, 24 FEB 44 POSEN (from Victor Reed Crew)
T/SGT ROBERT E. CLIFF TTE: CPT, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D' ESQUERDES
S/SGT WILLIAM OHL WG: CPT, 24 FEB 44 POSEN
T/SGT JAMES S. DOUGHERTY ROG: CPT, DATE & MISSION UNKNOWN (from Victor Reed Crew)
S/SGT MAX RUSS BTG: CPT, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D'ESQUERDES
S/SGT HOBART SPIRES WG: KIA, 6 MAR 44 BERLIN
S/SGT JAMES T. HITEN TG: KIA, 21 JAN 44 BOIS D' ESQUERDES
LIST OF MISSIONS FOR LT COL SAM L. BARR ( from FORM 5 records supplied by Daughter Lynn Barr, Paul Andrews and William Ohl diary) USAAF FORM 5's CREDIT LT COL. BARR WITH ONLY 45 MISSIONS. I DID FIND TWO MISSIONS THEY DID NOT INCLUDE IN THIS FILE WHICH MAKES 47 WE CAN CONFIRM.
1. 25/06/43 BREMEN A/C 230152 MESSIE BESSIE
2. 26/06/43 LEMANS A/C 230035 TORCHY
3. 28/06/43 ST NAZAIRE A/C 230035 TORCHY
4. 04/07/43 LaPALICE A/C 230170 TORCHY II
5. 10/07/43 LE BOURGET A/C 230170 TORCHY II
6. 17/07/43 HAMBURG A/C 230042 OH NAUSEA
24/07/43 TRONDHEIM A/C 230170 TORCHY II (RETURN EARLY, ABORT)
7. 25/07/43 KIEL A/C 230170 TORCHY II
8. 28/07/43 OSCHERSLEBEN A/C 230259 DAMIFINO II
9. 12/08/43 BONN A/C 230170 TORCHY II MAJ WILLIAM VEAL COMMAND PILOT
10. 15/08/43 MERVILLE-LILLE A/C 230170 TORCHY II MAJ WILLIAM VEAL COMMAND PILOT, LT ARMANINI JOINS CREW
11. 17/08/43 REGENSBURG A/C 230170 TORCHY II MAJ WILLIAM VEAL COMMAND PILOT
12. 31/08/43 MEULAN LES MERUEAUX
02/09/43 KERLIN-BASTARD, AF (SCRUBBED)
13. 03/09/43 PARIS A/C 230259 DAMIFINO II MAJ WILLIAM VEAL COMMAND PILOT (LT BARR PROMOTED TO CAPTAIN)
14. 09/09/43 BEAUVAIS-TILLE
09/09/43 ARTH AF (SCRUBBED)
15. 15/09/43 PARIS A/C 230487 TORCHY III JIM BROWN SWA, REPLACED BY LT HOWARD BASSETT
16. 16/09/43 BORDEAUX A/C 25861 LADEN MAIDEN
17. 23/09/43 VANNES A/C 230154 WAR EAGLE
18. 26/09/43 PARIS A/C 230487 TORCHY III MAJ WILLIAM VEAL COMMAND PILOT
09/10/43 MARIENBURG A/C 230799 BIGASSBIRD II (returned early, #3 engine problem)
19. 03/11/43 WILHELMSHAVEN (PATHFINDER)
20. 16/11/43 RJUKAN, (NORWAY)
21. 29/11/43 BREMEN
22. 30/11/43 SOLINGEN Lead (with Maj John Bennett)
23. 22/12/43 MUNSTER (Lead Group in Torchy III)
24. 24/12/43 NO-BALL
25. 05/01/44 NUESS (Lead with Maj John Bennett)
26. 14/01/44 FORET D' HESDIN (END OF FIRST TOUR)
SENT STATESIDE FOR R&R MAY-JUNE 1944
JULY 1944 RETURN TO THORPE ABBOTTS FOR SECOND COMBAT TOUR, RESUME DUTIES AS C.O. OF 349TH AND PROMOTED TO MAJOR
27. 19/07/44 SCHWEINFURT (Capt. Frank Valesh PFF)
28 25/07/44 ST LO
29. 03/08/44 TROYES
30. 06/08/44 BERLIN
31. 30/08/44 BREMEN
32. 05/09/44 STUTTGART
33. 08/09/44 MAINZ
34 12/09/44 MAGDEBURG
35. 18/09/44 WARSAW (POLAND)
36. 19/09/44 SZOLNOK (HUNGARY)
22/09/44 CREWS RETURNED FROM RUSSIAN SHUTTLE MISSION
37. 06/10/44 BERLIN
38. 12/10/44 BREMEN
39. 18/10/44 KASSEL
40. 02/11/44 MERSEBURG
41. 16/11/44 AACHEN
42. 29/11/44 HAMM
43. 05/12/44 BERLIN
44. 28/12/44 KOBLENZ
45. 05/01/45 FRANKFURT
46. 13/01/45 MAINZ
47. 10/08/43 BREMEN (flew with Owen Roane Crew in Torchy III)
48. 18/07/44 KIEL (flew with Frank Valesh) Led 8th Air Force. PFF
Subj: 100thBG Form Submission
Date: 9/27/2001 4:12:29 AM Pacific Daylight Time
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joshua Ohl)
To: email@example.comCC: firstname.lastname@example.org 212email = email@example.com = Joshua Ohlcomments =
Hi my name is josh ohl. I am the grandson of William Ohl who was on all 3 Torchy B-17's and part of sammy Barrs crew. This is an update on him. He passed away of a heart attack June 2000.Your site shows his tour completed date ukn. His 25th and final mission was flown Feb 24, 1944 over Posen Poland.I am active duty air force currently in Korea. After he died my grandmother gave me his medals and my dad got a journal that he kept of all 25 missions. I have typed it out and have it on a microsoft word format if you are interested in it send me an E-,mail address to attach it to. I would like to try to get his story to be put on the web. I am also looking for the citation for his Distinguished Flying Cross. Could you tell me how I could locate that info. I have copies of his discharge paperwork. Thanks Josh Ohl
Here is his Journal. Let me know what you think Thanks
The WWII battle log of a B-17 waist gunner named
June 25, 1943
Mission Number 1
We were awakened at 2:00am the morning of the twenty-fifth to go on our
first mission over enemy territory. We had to turn back twenty minutes from
the target, lost prop, and most of our No. 4 engine, which fell into the
North Atlantic. Target was Bremen, Germany. It was our first raid. Lost
three crews from our squadron.
June 26, 1943
Mission Number 2
Today we headed for LeMans, France. Turned back about ten
minutes from the target due to cloudiness and shortage of gas. No losses
today on crossing occupied territory that counts as mission No. 2.
June 28, 1943
Mission Number 3
9 Hours 40 Minutes
Today we bombed the German submarine pens at St. Nazaire,
France. The target was hit hard by our 2,000-pound bombs. We flew through
flak over the target, which the Germans shot from anti-aircraft guns.
Torchy, our ship, got four flak holes today. No injuries. Enemy fighters
came up but left without even coming into range, estimate number about
thirty. Lost no ships in our group today, but saw one ship from another
group go down in the channel. Mission No. 3 completed.
June 29, 1943 ( SGT OHL FLEW WITH Lt VICTOR REED CREW)
Mission Number 4
Today we went to LeMans and bombed German factories there. We
did not make as good a bombing job as last time, but one of the other groups
with us demolished the target. We flew over an overcast all the way to the
target. A few fighters attacked the lead ships but did no damage. We
picked up SpitFire escort before leaving the French coast. Encountered
light flak at French coast. Mission No. 4 and still no battle scars.
July 4, 1943
Mission Number 5
10 Hours 45 Minutes
Today our target was LaPallice France. We flew through heavy
overcast on our trip down there. We completely demolished the target, which
was sub. Pens again. We have a new ship now, 230170, named Torchy 11. It
is our first mission in Torchy 11. She is a sweet ship, and is very fast.
I still have my old gun, which I moved over into this new ship. We were in
the air ten hours and forty-five minutes on this mission and I looked and
felt very tired. One ship is missing from our group. We have been doing
most of our raids over France. When we start raiding Germany we expect more
losses. This is No. 5 mission and we are now entitled to get the Air Medal.
We now have twenty more missions to do and then we will return to the U.S.A.
The best land of all. We encountered three ME 109's but had no losses on
their account. At the end of five missions we have a new ship, and still
have the same old crew, except for a new co-pilot, named Jack Boyd. We are
now Crew No. 1, we lost the first three crews on our first raid, so old Crew
No. 4 is now Crew No. 1 and leads the Red 9's, or 349th Squadron, over the
target. Our spirits are high, but this type of job is hard on your nerves,
especially about five to ten minutes before you release your bombs on the
July 10, 1943
Mission Number 6
4 Hours 15 Minutes
This morning we got up at 1:30am, just after midnight to make an
early morning raid on an airfield the Germans have just out of Paris,
France. We had 16, 300-pound bombs on. We went in over the target, but
there was a solid layer of clouds over both main and secondary targets.
They threw flak from ground guns at us through the clouds without any
effect. We were attacked by German Fighters, FW 190's. I tried my best to
bring them down as they came in on these attacks, but they came right on in
through a wall of bullets from my gun and firing as they came. Their wings
light up like a billboard as the come in on you. I saw one burst out in a
quick flare of fire, and then it went out. The ship did not go down,
although it was hit badly. We lost two ships in our group. I saw one go
down in flames and four of the crew bailed out and chutes opened OK. Our
ship was not hit by the enemy but we had a fifty-cal. glance off the wing on
my side. There was no other damage. Crew are all OK at the end of six
missions over enemy territory and enemy occupied countries. We did not drop
our bombs, as we didn't want to drop them on the French populous. It did
count as a mission and all are OK after six missions.
July 25, 1943
Mission Number 7
8 Hours 30 Minutes
Today we took off to bomb a German aircraft production center in
Denmark. We met a few fighters on the way up there but they didn't come in
very close or give us much trouble. Our target was not visible due to an
over cast and a smoke screen. So being only a few miles from the Keil dry
docks and Sub pens we continued on to Keil, Germany through the heaviest
flak I have yet been in and dropped our 10-500 pound bombs on the target
along with every one else. One ship in the group in front of us got hit
amidship with a burst of flak and in a very few seconds was seen and no
doubt everyone was killed. The flak in Germany is getting more intense
every day. We had very good luck on this the 7th raid, although our ship
had four good-sized flak holes there was no damage to the crew. The closest
to me was a piece that entered the fuselage just back of the entrance door
and went out the other side back of the tail wheel. We have two pieces of
flak that stuck to the ship as souvenirs. I can say that this theatre of
war is the toughest of any of them at present and that concludes mission No.
July 28, 1943
Mission Number 8
5 Hours 30 Minutes
Today we got up to go on a raid at 3:30 A.M. We were to bomb a
factory in Germany that makes F.W. 190 fighter planes. We took off at 5:30
A.M. We were the lead ship of the 100th group. We flew through heavy
overcast all the way over the North Atlantic. We were attacked by about
sixty to seventy German F.W. 190's and J.U. 88's. The fighters took good
advantage of the clouds while we had to stay in formation. The 96th group
lost three ships in the first sweep of the fighters. I was firing away and
holding my own when the Sear in my gun broke and my gun would not fire. I
got the Sear from the radio gun and was soon ready for action again. We
could not drop our bombs even if we had reached the target due to over cast.
That is the fault of the weatherman and S-2 and it isn't the first time they
have done that on us. Although the fighters tried hard we in the 100th
group had no casualties and all is well after the 8th mission.
August 12, 1943
Mission Number 9
We took off this morning after a long siege of bad weather. I
counted our ships as they run down the runway on the take off and soon found
to my surprise we were going to be the "13" ship to take off. On the
morning of Aug. 12 we were awakened at 2:10 A.M. for briefing. We took off,
rendezvous and headed out over the Channel for Germany. We had P47 fighter
escort in almost to the target. The 47's had just turned and left to go
home and the German fighters hit us. We gave them a bad time and as we
neared the target and the flak started coming up the enemy fighters left us.
The flak that we flew through today was the heaviest yet, and each raid
seems to have more then the last. As I said before being the "13" ship in
the air this morning seemed to be a charm. Out of our entire group ours is
the only one that didn't get a single hole in it. We did not bomb our
primary target due to clouds, but instead we went to the secondary and blew
hell out of the center of an industrial town called Bohn or Bonn. We bombed
from 26,500 ft. and made direct hits right in the middle of town. I have
never been so cold in my life before as I was today. It was 35 degrees
below zero. We must keep our waist windows open from the time we take off
until we land. I keep stomping my feet and marking time to keep my feet
warm and slapping my hands but not once leaving my position. Ice was
building up all over my eyes and my eyelashes were stiff like icicles. My
oxygen mask was full of ice and water would run part was down my neck and
freeze there. I saw one enemy fighter go down for good. The American 8th
air force lost twenty five planes today. Reed, the pilot of crew six, very
good friends of crew one, got hit in the chest with a piece of flak but will
be ok soon. We were over Germany for at least an hour and a half. At the
end of the 9th mission we are still all ok and ready to go again.
August 15, 1943
Mission Number 10
4 Hours 10 Minutes
Today we took off to bomb German airfields at Medville and
Lille, France. The flak was light and only about five fighters. We
completely demolished the both fields and lost no planes. The five German
fighters really gave us a fight but did not hit any of our ships badly
enough to bring them down. We lost no aircraft and that brings the number
to ten missions.
August 17, 1943
Mission Number 11
11 Hours 15 Minutes to Africa
307 enemy fighters downed
Today we mad the first shuttle trip ever made by Forts. We took
off and fought our way from the time we went into Germany over the Channel
until we reached our target at Regansburg, Germany. We completely destroyed
a ME 109 assembly plant. Our group lost 10 Forts, and our Sqd. Lost 2 crews
and we lost our ship, which we left in Africa. We were attacked by about
200 German fighters and had a 2 hour fight all the way to the target. I saw
lots of our ships go down in flame and fellows bailing out one after
another. We flew by our selves 800 miles through southern Germany and Italy
out over the Mediterranean and into Africa on 3 engines. We could not keep
up with the formation so we continued on course to Africa by ourselves. We
landed at Trobruk and slept under our ship for 2 nights and then continued
in another ship, leaving ours behind. We landed at Oran and stayed 2 days
and then continued to Maracotch and stayed 2 days. We took off at 9:20 P.M.
The 21st of Aug. and flew all night up around Spain and Port. And landed in
England the morning of the twenty second about noon. That completed our
11th mission and I should get 2 enemy fighters to my score. I shot the wing
off of a F.W. 190 and a M.E. 109 exploded as I was firing at it. I am
waiting to see if they give me credit for them or not. Our ship and crew
downed 6 enemy fighters on this the toughest mission yet. So at the end of
the 11th mission all is well and the half way mark is close at hand.
August 31, 1943
Mission Number 12
5 Hours 15 Minutes
Today we took off to bomb a German aircraft factory in Paris,
France. We got over the target but there was to much of a cloud layer to
see the target so we dumped our bombs in the Channel to save the French
people and cities. We had P47 escort in and out and there were no enemy
fighters and very little flak. This flight over enemy occupied territory
completed the 12th mission.
September 3, 1943
Mission Number 13
5 Hours 45 Minutes
We took off in the lead ship of our group today and went to
Paris, France to bomb a ME 109 repair station. We led the group over the
target through very accurate flak that was bursting with loud explosions out
side my waist window. The first four fighters that attacked us came in from
the nose and as they went by I started one of them smoking. We did not drop
our bombs as the bomb sight went out and we were going to go to the
secondary target. We started to turn with the fighters still on us. One
got in a lucky hit on our No. 4 engine and set it on fire. We were at
23,000 ft. and lead ship and our engine burning. We pealed off to the right
to get away from the formation in case our ship would explode. The pilot
said we would drop down few thousand feet and then bail out. As we cleared
away from the group the pilot then threw the ship over on the left wing and
we dove to the side away from the fire and went sown to 16,000 ft. and we
still had our bombs in the bombay. We straightened up enough to get rid of
the 6,00 lbs. Of bombs we were carrying, they were 12-500 pound bombs. As
were coming down we were all getting ready to get out, but as we
straightened up we saw that the terrific speed that we dove at blew out the
fire, se seeing that we all got back on our guns and just in time to meet
the attack of 4 German fighters that followed us down to make sure we were
knocked out. Our guns started spitting lead again and two of the four were
knocked sown and the other two went back to the other bombers. With three
engines and all by ourselves and still very close at 16,000 ft. over Paris
we started a fast long glide to the coast to make as much speed as possible.
We were at about 5,000 ft. for most of the trip out to the Channel and
ground gunners would fire 20 MM's and other small guns at us as tracers
could be seen going by. We made the cast and dropped sown just over the
water and came on in to our home base by ourselves, just arriving a few
minutes before our group. We lost 1 crew and 2 ships out of the 6 that went
in our sqd. As this the 13th raid was completed, we are still all ok and in
a dammed good fighting mood from what happened to us. Torchy No. 1 was
blown to pieces by a accident while in flight on the mission. I have two
enemy fighters now and I hope to raise that score very soon and very high if
I possibly can.
September 9, 1943
Mission Number 14
Today we took off to bomb a German fighter field in France. We
did not have any attacks by fighters on our group, but the low group was hit
by 7 of them. I saw the attack but they were out of range for me to fire at
them. The flak was light and we didn't lose any ships. I saw large convoys
out in the Channel and it looks like an invasion of France is close at hand.
After the 14th raid all crew members are all ok.
September 15, 1943
Mission Number 15
We took off to bomb the ME 109 reconditioning plant at Paris,
France. There were a few fighters and the flak was the heaviest I've seen
yet. I saw three Forts blow up as they went over the target in the group
ahead of us. We then turned into the I.P. and on over the target and our
navigator was wounded by a piece of flak that went through his left hand,
but no one else was hit. We then continued on home and landed again after
dark, completing out the 15th mission, still 10 to go.
September 16, 1943
Mission Number 16
Today we took off on a 1600 mile trip to bomb a target at
Bordeau, France. We flew right down on the water all the way to within
about 100 miles of the target and then went to altitude of 23,000 ft. and on
in over France. Our target was under an overcast so we went over and bombed
the Sub. Pens and docks at LaPallice. I saw 2 Forts leave the formation
today, one on fire. Four chutes came out. The other left under control and
headed for the clouds followed by two German fighters. As we were coming
home down low over the water 4 JU 88's attacked us and one was shot down,
the other 3 left soon after. We came on home and flew through fog from the
time we got about 150 miles north and on top of that it was dark. We flew
by ourselves to avoid a collision. At the completion of the 16th mission
and 9 more to go I as still fine, but have been plenty scared at times but
crew No. 1 and Bill Ohl are still giving the Germans hell at every chance.
September 26, 1943
Mission Number 17
5 Hours 30 Minutes
Today we took off in the lead ship of our group to bomb the Renneault
factory at Paris, France, or I should say at flak city, as Paris has the most
and most accurate flak I have ever flown through. The Continent was a
complete over cast of clouds and we could not bomb our target after flying
around for nearly two hours over enemy occupied territory. We had a very
good escort of P47's all the way in and out. I saw 5 enemy fighters but
they did not attack us due to our large escort. We returned home with out
any losses to our group. On the way home I saw 2 B17's or Forts collide and
explode and go down over England in flames. No one got out of either ship.
November 29, 1943
Mission Number 18
6 Hours 15 Minutes
Today we took off to bomb the shipping center at Bremen,
Germany. We flew at 27,000 ft. with a temperature of 56 degrees below zero.
We dropped our bombs through an under cast on the flares of the pathfinder.
Several FW 190' made one head on attack and left us. We had P47 escort in
and out. We didn't get hit by either flak or fighters.
November 30, 1943
Mission Number 19
7 Hours 15 Minutes
We took off to bomb a town in the center of Germany with a
population of 150,000. We bombed through an under cast at 29,000 ft. at 48
degrees below zero and started home. We had to feather one engine and the
other 3 were freezing up and our superchargers were frozen. Our engines
were running but not fast enough to pull the ship. We dropped out of
formation over Germany and started losing altitude while heading for the
coast. As we came over Holland Major Benett and Capt. Barr saw we could not
make it across the North Sea. He gave orders to prepare to abandon ship
after deciding that it would be better to bail out than to crash land and
then destroy the ship. We all put on our chutes and were waiting to get out
away from the towns so we would have a chance to hide when a flak gun began
firing at us at four of five thousand feet over Holland. When the pilot
took evasive action and began working the throttles the superchargers had
thawed out at our lower altitude and the pilot called us and said to hold on
a minute that he thought we could make it ok now. I looked out my window
and saw No. 1 engine was being started. We then followed a river or inlet
out to sea and continued on to our home base.
December 22, 1943
Mission Number 20
Today we went to Munster, Germany. On our groups last mission
there we lost all except 1 ship. We lead the group to Munster in Torchy
3rd. We had excellent fighter escort and light flak. We dropped our bombs
through an undercast on the flares from the pathfinder ship.
December 24, 1943
Mission Number 21
No ball 19-Pasde Calais
We took off at 11:45 A.M. to bomb French installations. The sky
was as clear as a bell and we had about 600 fighter escort and 1300 heavy
bombers in the air that day. That was the greatest number the 8th air force
had yet sent against the enemy. We did not run into any flak or fighters.
That is the easiest mission yet.
January 5, 1944
Mission Number 22
Today we took off leading the 100 group and with plenty of
fighter escort. We went over into Germany and on into the Reuhr Valley to
destroy a bolt and nut factory and in doing so we leveled the town of Nuess,
a medium sized town situated between Dusseldorff and Cologne. We picked up
flak from Dusseldorff. We do feel proud as we were leading our group on
this raid and for the accuracy at which our bombs hit. I saw on FW190
exploded with a beautiful red flash and disappeared. Th explosion came on a
couple of seconds after the ship began to smoke. I believe our bombardier
may get an award for this mission. As our briefed target was under an over
cast we bombed this target of opportunity, as we called it, with such
perfect results. It happened to be a vital war industrial factory. That
brings my 22nd mission to an end and only 3 mare to go.
January 14, 1944
Mission Number 23
Today we took off and bombed another German installation on the
French coast. The code name of the target is No Ball 20. We did not get
much flak and no fighters. We had excellent fighter escort and our pilot,
Capt. S.L. Barr finished his missions and also our navigator, Capt. H.
Basset finished his. Our crew is now broken up after six months of training
in the States and of 8 months of combat together. Now we are sweating out
our last few to finish up.
February 21, 1944
Mission Number 24
We took off this morning to bomb the Ball bearing factory at Brunswick,
Germany. This target is 60 miles west of Berlin. We had excellent fighter
escort all the way. We crossed over into the continent above a 10-10st over
cast and continued on in. We got about 150 miles into Germany and ran out
into a clear sky and right over and area of about 6 or 7 German airfield.
The Gray leaders immediately each picked out a field and made a bomb run.
We completely demolish our target. We then abandoned the operation on
Brunswick and started home. We started picking up flak just after bombs
away and it lasted about five minutes but was not very close, I would guess
it was about 100 yds. Or so to the right and behind or at 5 o'clock. We
then continued on home and landed to complete my 24th mission.
February 24, 1944
Mission Number 25
11 Hours 45 Minutes
We got up at 2:30 A.M., breakfast at 3:30 A.M. and briefing at
4:30 A.M. We were to bomb a fuselage and wing factory for German fighters
at Posen, Poland. We were alone not having any escort. We took off and
started in over the North Sea. We crossed the Island of Silt at 12,000 and
went through a flak barrage, which exploded several thousand feet above us.
I could look out and see the flak shells burning and leaving a light smoke
trail as it shot up through our formation and exploded way above us. We
went on in over Denmark and out over the Baltic Sea and as we crossed the
coast again into Germany to get into Poland and our target we were attacked
by 4 JU88 German fighters. They lined up at about 1500 yds. To the right of
our formation and made pass after pass at our group from head on and guns
a-blazing. I could see the 20MM's exploding all around. Our pilot kept up
evasive action all the while we were being attacked. I wasn't getting any
action on the left side so I called out the fighter's position to the crew
so they could fire at them. I did get some shots at one that passed over
the group but he was quite a distance up and I did not hit it. We finally
got to the target after an hours fight with the fighters and we had got two
of them. We found out that our target was under a cloud layer, so still
being constantly followed and attacked by FW190's and ME109's. We came back
to Germany and bombed a target at Rostock, Germany, that is every one except
us. We opened our bomb-bay doors and our bombs began dropping out one by
one so in order to keep a top bomb from falling on one of the lower ones we
dropped them on the bomb run before we reached the target. The evasive
action to keep out or the sights of the fighter's sights was so violent that
the bombs pulled loose. We stayed in the formation after our bombs were
away and went on over the target with our group. They dropped the bombs on
the flares of the pathfinder through the clouds and we could not see if it
was good job of bombing or not. We were in the flak with the group for
about 10 minutes, and the only close flak we got was a follow up group of
four bursts that came closer and closer until finally four burst exploded
directly under our ship, each of the bursts could be heard, that is how you
know it is close. We continued on over Denmark with the fighters still
around. I saw on 17 get it's tail shot off and leave the formation and was
shot down about five minutes later. A ME 109 came through the formation and
passed about 150 or 200 yards off our left wing. He came out of the sun and
was behind the wing until he got so close that I didn't have time to get a
shot at him, when I did see him. He passed through without doing any
damage. We passed out over the coast of the North Sea again and started
loosing altitude about 2 hours and 30 min. later and came in over England at
about 2,000 ft. and as it was getting dark and we had to wait for the B.
Group to land first we put on our clearance lights and finally landed to
complete the 25th, and final mission over enemy occupied territory, where
they can make it plenty rough as I have seen plenty of times in my 9 months
of combat missions. I was really happy to get back from that 25th and last
one and was plenty tired as we had gotten up for 4 morning straight. The
missions were scrubbed the preceding mornings. At times, I thought I never
would complete 25 missions as I had seen to many of my friends go down. Our
group had two original crews finish and I happened to be one of them. Now
that I'm finished I hope to be home for a furlough soon, by my birthday I
EMAIL = firstname.lastname@example.org
UNAME = Lynn L. Barr
CONNECTION = I am a relative of a 100th veteran
COMMENTS = My father was Sam L. Barr. One of his grandchildren asked what he received his medals for. I cannot answer the questions. Daddy never talked about them. How do I find out about why he received his medals.
Subj: RE: 100thBG Feedback Form
Date: 4/16/2003 10:49:24 AM Pacific Daylight Time
Sent from the Internet (Details)
Thank you for this information. I will get a jpeg of the medals and send to you. I will also go through the other pictures we have and any newspaper articles. Daddy did not keep a diary, sorry. We do have letters that he wrote to us during the Korean War, but he was not married during World War II.
When I get the names of the medals, how do I then find out what he actually did to receive them. I know there are general descriptions of the medals, but isn't there some record of the actual events that took place for him to be awarded some of them, such as the Silver Star (he does have this one, I know)?
I don't know of a form 5. Do you think I can get a copy of this through the government?
Daddy died in 1986 not 1988. He lived only 4 years after my mother died.
Sorry, I don't have more at the moment. As you may know, Daddy had a massive stroke when he was in his late 50s. I was in my early 20s at the time and became interested in some of this a few years later, but he was not able to speak.
Thanks for your help.
Subj: RE: 100thBG Feedback Form
Date: 4/17/2003 6:48:31 AM Pacific Daylight Time
Sent from the Internet (Details)
Thanks, the only knowledge I have right now is an engraving on the back of his watch he received at the end of his tour in Korea. It was given to Daddy from Officers of the 3rd. I don't know what that means. He was still flying at the time. He quit flying in 1958 and took up duties as Base Civil Engineer (that was what his degree was in).
Lt Col Sammy Barr Medals
Medal Date Commendation
Headquarters, 8th Air Force, General Orders No. 34 (1945)
Silver Star 3/5/1945 For gallantry in action over Continental Europe, from 25 June 1943 to 13 January 1945. Colonel Barr participated in the first mission flown by his Group and since then has completed an unusually large number of hazardous heavy bombardment operations. Many of these operations were carried out during the early stages of the Air Offensive, Europe, when the bombers were often attacked by enemy fighters all the way to and during withdrawal from the target. On each of these occasions Colonel Barr inspired his fellow crew members to new heights by his brilliant leadership and indomitable fighting spirit. He participted in raids against some of the most heavily fortified installations in Germany, performing his duties with a high degree of professional skill. Colonel Barr's unyielding loyalty, dauntless courage, and tenacity of purpose throughout this entire period have earned for him the respect and admiration of all personnel in his unit.
Air Medal 8/3/1943 For exceptionally meritorious achievement, while participation in five separate bomber combat missions over enemy
occupied Continual Europe. The courage, coolness and skill displayed by this officer upon these occasions reflect great
credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Air Medal 12/14/1943 Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal 9/6/1943 Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal 10/16/1944 Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal 9/12/1944 Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal 9/28/1943 Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal 1/1/1945 Oak Leaf Cluster
Croix de Guerre 1/29/1945 Pour services exceptional de Guerre rendus au course des operations de liberation de la France. Campagnes pour
la liberation de la France (Juin-Decembre 1944)
Distinguished Flying Cross 11/24/1943 For extraordinary achievement, while leading a Squadron of B-17 airplanes on a bombing mission over Germany, 17 August 1943. Enroute to the target, one engine of his aircraft was disabled, the instrument panel practically destroyed and other serious damage sustained. In spite of this, Captain Barr continued to lead his unit and though subjected to persistent fierce attacks by enemy fighters, successfully bombed the target. The excellent results obtained by his Squadron can be attributed to the courage, skill and tenacity of purpose displayed by Captain Barr. His actions on this occasion reflect highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Distinguished Flying Cross 1/20/1944 Oak Leaf Cluster - For extraordinary achievement, while serving as Pilot on twenty-five bombardment missions over enemy occupied Continental Europe. Displaying great courage and skill, Captain Barr has materially aided in the success of each of the twenty-five missions and his actions are an inspiring example for his fellow-flyers. The courage, coolness and skill displayed by Captain Barr on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Distinguished Flying Cross 12/15/1944 For extraordinary achievement while serving as commander in the air of squadron and group formations on heavy bombardment missions against the enemy. Major Barr has demonstrated outstanding airmanship while commanding his formations on successful attacks against Stuttgart, Germany, 5 September 1944; Warsaw, Poland, 18 September 1944; Bremen, Germany, 12 October 1944 and Berlin, Germany, 6 October 1944 despite the dangers of heavy accurate anti-aircraft fire on each mission. The brilliant exercise of command displayed by Major Barr on these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Polish Home Army Cross Award 9/18/1944 For participation in the United States Air Force, Flying Fortresses of the 3rd Bomb Division of the
Eighth Air Force Army supplies drop during the Warsaw Uprising, on September 18, 1944.
Pres Unit Citation with 1 OLC
American Theater Ribbon
EAME Theater Rib w/4 Battle Stars
American Defense Medal
Disting Unit Badge Listed in his Report of Separation - from the Army
WWII Victory Medal Listed in his Report of Separation - from the Army
Army Commendation Ribbon 5/24/1946 For the performance of meritorious service during the period September 1945 through April 1946 which contributed to establishing the Fourth Service Command as the leading Service Command in securing enlistments for the Regular Army.
STATION TRAINING, CREW TRAINING INSTRUCTOR
Sammy Barr Crew: From left standing; Howard Bassett, Joe Armanini and Sam L. Barr. Kneeling from left: J. "Doc" Dougherty, Max Russ, Bill Ohl, James Hiten, Hobart Spires and Bob Cliff.(100th Photo Archives)
Capt Sam L. Barr Crew
L-R , Hobart Spires-WG, Joseph (James) S. Dougherty-ROG, Big Joe Armanini-BOM, Capt. Sammy Barr-P, Robert E. Cliff-TTE, William Ohl-WG, James T. Hiten-TG, Max Russ-BTG, Howard Bassett-NAV
Kneeling: Dan Barna-CP
"TORCHY 2" and part of the Sammy Barr Crew in North Africa after Regensburg Shuttle Mission. From left: Howard D. Bassett, William Ohl, James R. Brown, Max Russ, Joseph P. Armanini, William Veal (Commanding Officer of the 349th), Sammy L. Barr and James T. Hiten. Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives)
Legendary Sammy L. Barr leaving the 100th. Sammy was the last Original 100th airman to fly a combat mission. He flew a total of fifty - second only to Rosie Rosenthal's fifty-two. (100th Photo Archives)
Sam L. Barr Crew: Standing from left: James T. Hiten, William Ohl, Bennett (Air Exec), James S. Doughterty, Max Russ, and Robert E. Cliff
Kneeling from left: Howard D. Bassett, Joseph P. Armanini, and Sam L. Barr Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives)
Torchy A-2 worn by S/Sgt William Ohl, Waist Gunner on the Sam L. Barr crew.
Cooper A2 of Max Russ, 349th BTG on the Sammy Barr crew. Max wore this jacket to at least one 100th BG Reunion. Photo courtesy of Max Russ family.
Back view detail of the A2 of Max Russ, 349th BTG on the Sammy Barr crew. Max wore this jacket to at least one 100th BG Reunion. Photo courtesy of Max Russ family.
Close detail of 100th BG and 349th Patches. Photo courtesy of Max Russ family.
Sam L. Barr crew. Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives)
Max Russ, BTG on the Sam L. Barr crew. Detailed Information Photo courtesy of Richard A. Tangradi
Double exposed photo of the Capt. Sam Barr crew after landing in North Africa on 17 Aug 43. (Photo courtesy of Big Joe Armanini) Barr crew information | Regensburg mission information
Lt Col Sammy Barr, center standing. This is a mixture of Ground and Flight crew personnel and are not identified with the exception of Barr. (100th Photo Archives)
Un-identified group of 349th Airmen photographed with Sammy Barr, center, back row. The significance of this photo with Col. Barr is unknown (100th Photo Archives)
The 349th, Sammy Barr, flew 50 missions. (100th Photo Archives)
Little Sammy Barr
Lt Col Sammy Barr. Photo Courtesy of Capt Tong
(Article courtesy of Matt Mabe)
Torchy A-2 Jacket from Sam Barr. Donated by Lynn Barr
Maj Sam Barr with Parade Review. Photo Courtesy of Anne Cowing
Sammy Barr Crew: From left standing; Howard Bassett, Joe Armanini and Sam L. Barr. Kneeling from left: J. "Doc" Dougherty, Max Russ, Bill Ohl, James Hiten, Hobart Spires and Bob Cliff. (100th Photo Archives)
Jack Kidd leaving the 100th. From left: Sammy Barr, Thomas Jeffrey, Kidd, Rosie Rosenthal and Sumner Reeder. The airman with back to camera is not identified. (100th Photo Archives)
Jack Kidd leaving the 100th - From left: Sammy Barr, Rosie, Thomas Jeffrey, Kidd, and Sumner Reeder. (Gen Kidd collection)
100th Officers photographed at Thorpe Abbotts in 1944. Standing third from left is Harry H. Crosby, Joseph "Big Joe" Armanini, Everett Blakeley. Seated from left: Sammy Barr, John Bennett and Rosie. (Robert Rosenthal) (100th Photo Archives)
From left: John Williams, Jack Herlihy, George Erb, John Bennett and the 100th beloved Sammy Barr. (Herlihy Collection)
Pictured are: John Lash, Sammy Barr, L. Cosogriff, R. Murphree, Bill Utley, Joe Iannacone. One of the veterans is unknown. (100th Photo Archives)
Group and Squadron Officers await a mission return. Extreme right, shielding eyes is the 100th's legendary Sammy Barr. The Kidd Collection.
Group Officers await mission return. On the top of the tower are from left Neil B. Harding, Group CO, and Jack Kidd Group Operations Officer. Lower are Sammy Barr with back to to camera at left, Sumner Reeder with hands on railing and Cosgrove from S-2. Kidd Collection
Jack Kidd's departure from the 100th. Kidd Collection
Jack Kidd's departure from the 100th. Kidd Collection
Jack Kidd's departure from the 100th. Kidd Collection
Jack Kidd's departure from the 100th. Kidd Collection
Jack Kidd leaving the 100th (100th Photo Archives)
Lt. Col. Kidd (Group Opns. Officer). Look at that board and the names, you are looking September 3, 1943, from that list the following crews will be missing that day. Winkelman, Fineup, Floyd and not on the board yet is Richard C King. Henington will ditch in the Channel. (100th Photo Archives)
Sumner Reeder and Sammy Barr (100th Photo Archives)
Regensburg Mission clipping (Courtesy of Matt Mabe)
From left: Jimmy Doolittle, Curtis LeMay, G.W. Dauncey and Sammy Barr. (100th Photo Archives)
The 100th legendary Sammy Barr poses with some members of the Leslie Roediger Crew. 349th Sqdn Leslie R. Roediger Crew
This photo courtesy of Chriss Cabodi. The following was written on the back of the
picture, but, unfortunately, the individuals are not identified by position:
(1) Major Barr, Command Pilot
(2) 1st Lt. L. R. Roediger, Pilot
(3) 2nd Lt. Donald G. Bishop, Copilot
(4) 2nd Lt. Jack D. Carpenter, Navigator
(5) 2nd Lt. Richard H. Tunnicliff, Bombardier
(6) 1st Lt. Emil K. Borch, Mickey Operator
(7) T/Sgt. Dale Cross, Engineer
(8) T/Sgt. Charles Garboroglio, Radio
(9) S/Sgt. Alvy L. Washington, Right Waist Gunner
(10) S/Sgt. Frederick J. Crowner, Tail Gunner
"Sept 19, 1944. this was the same crew that was on the Warsaw mission.
This was taken just after the landing in Foggia, Italy"
Lt Col John Bennett, Capt Howard Bassett, Maj "Little" Sammy Barr after a Mission. Photo courtesy of Anne Cowing
The original damaged image to this piece of work is a mere 93KB 'big' and only 72 dpi in resolution. Not very much to go on!The officers and pilots of the 100th BG on a bright but very cold clear day at Thorpe Abbotts, England, in the winter 1943-44. I am unsure if they are watching the planes in or out!?
Image: Richard Tallent Collection - 100th BG Association - All rights reserved.
Repair, re-balance, colourisation - Nathan Howland @HowdiColour .
Standing L-R Sam Barr with back to us, Maj Flesher, Air Exec, Capt Sumner Reeder, S-2 officers Cosgrove and Red Bowman,
Top of tower is Col Chick Harding Group CO and Maj Jack Kidd, Operations Officer
- BARR, Sam L. - P
- BARNA, Daniel - CP
- BROWN, James R. - NAV
- KELLY, Howard J. - BOM
- CLIFF, Robert E. - TTE
- TANOWIGCH, Michael J. - ROG
- RUSS, MAX - BTG
- OHL, William - WG
- SPIRES, Hobart H. - WG
- HITEN, James T. - TG