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CAPT  Beryl L. KING

UNIT: 349th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: NAV
SERIAL #: STATUS: CPT
MACR:

Comments1: 5 SEP 44 STUTTGART

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW: 

HARTE FRANK W.                     LT PILOT                                          KIA    22 APR 44 HAMM
COPPINGER JOHN J.                  2nd LT CO PILOT                              POW  22 APR 44 HAMM
KING BERYL L.                          F/O NAVIGATOR                               CPT     5 SEP 44 STUTTGART (with Austin  Dunlap Lead Crew)   
CONLEY CARL F.                       2nd LT BOMARDIER                           KIA    22 APR 44 HAMM  (flew as Navigator)
MCMULLIN GEORGE W.              S/SGT TAIL GUNNER                         POW  22 APR 44 HAMM
COLEY EDWARD T.                   S/SGT LEFT WAIST GUNNER        POW/WIA 22 APR 44 HAMM
MCDONALD THOMAS C.             S/SGT RIGHT WAIST GUNNER            KIA    22 APR 44 HAMM
ECK JOSEPH A.                         S/SGT BALL TURRET GUNNER            KIA    28 APR 44 SOTTEVAST (with Lt McGuire Crew, Tog)
CARLSON PAUL V. "SWEDE"       S/SGT TOP TURRET ENGINEER    POW/WIA 22 APR 44 HAMM
GLASSER LOUIS .P.                   S/SGT RADIO OPERATOR GUNNER      EVA   24 JUL 44 ST LO (with Lt Townsend Crew)     

349TH BS, Crew assinged to the 100th BG in March 44. 
F/O BERYL L. KING comes off the Crew after 13 APR 44 mission to AUGSBURG and is replaced by the Bombardier, 2ND LT CONLEY.  T/Sgt Meyer's from Lt Henington's crew becomes TOG on the Crew and is POW on 22 Apr. 44 Hamm mission.   

CREW ON 22 APR 44 HAMM MISSION

1st Lt Frank W.Harte                      P        KIA          22/4/44   HAMM
2nd Lt John J.Coppinger                CP       POW         22/4/44   HAMM                    THE ENTIRE CREW WAS ON THIS MISSION
2nd Lt Carl F.Conley                      NAV     KIA           22/4/44   HAMM   (original  Bomb on Lt Harte Crew)
T/Sgt Wallace J.Meyer                  TOG     POW/ WIA 22/4/44   HAMM  (From Lt Henington Crew)   
T/Sgt Weston H.Rodkey               ROG     POW          22/4/44   HAMM   (From the R.C.Koper crew)
T/Sgt Paul V. "Swede" Carlson       TTE     POW/WIA   22/4/44  HAMM
S/Sgt Felix W.McIntosh                 BTG     POW          22/4/44  HAMM
S/Sgt Thomas C.McDonald            RWG     KIA           22/4/44  HAMM                      MACR #4166,Micro fiche #1475
S/Sgt Edward T.Coley                  LWG    POW/WIA    22/4/44 HAMM                      A/C #42 37783  "DODIE"
S/Sgt George W.McMullin                TG    POW          22/4/44 HAMM

349th Sqdn. Crew,as above, taken from the MACR. This was the Twelveth mission for this crew. Plane was named after Frank Harte's Girlfriend.  

It appears that on 22/4/44, fighters damaged this A/C,particularly #3 engine,and it began to lag. 
Witnesses saw the crew attempting to jettison equipment from a/c. It appears that all ten men did 
bail out although Sgt.McDonald was badly wounded before leaving the ship. Some of the crew felt that Lt 
Harte & Lt Conley may have been killed by German civilians or soldiers after they landed.

MISSIONS FOR LT HARTE CREW:

Date Crew Nbr Mission Nbr Last Name Initial Rank Position Aircraft Nbr Target

                          1.
3/17/1944 09 131 ECK J.A. S/SGT BTG 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 KING B.L. F/O NAV 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 HARTE F.W. LT P 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 31534 MUNICH
3/17/1944 09 131 CRAVEN J.L. T/SGT TOG 31534 MUNICH
                          
                          2.
3/18/1944 09 132 CRAVEN J.L. T/SGT TOG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 ECK J.A. S/SGT BTG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 KING B.L. F/O NAV 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 HARTE F.W. LT P 31249 MUNCIH
3/18/1944 09 132 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 31249 MUNCIH

                          3.
3/19/1944 09 133 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 KING B.L. F/O NAV 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 ECK J.A. S/SGT BTG 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
3/19/1944 09 133 HARTE F.W. LT P 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES

                          4.
3/23/1944 09 135 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 KING B.L. F/O NAV 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 HARTE F.W. LT P 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
3/23/1944 09 135 MCINTOSH A.L. S/SGT BTG 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM

                           5.
3/26/1944 09 136 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 957 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 MCINTOSH A.L. S/SGT BTG 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
3/26/1944 09 136 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT

                           6.
3/27/1944 09 137 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 MCINTOSH A.L. S/SGT BTG 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
3/27/1944 09 137 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC

3/31/1944 09 139 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 MCINTOSH A.L. S/SGT BTG 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN/RECALLED
3/31/1944 09 139 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED

                         7.
4/7/1944 09 141 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
4/7/1944 09 141 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 QUACKENBRUCK

                         8.
4/9/1944 09 143 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
4/9/1944 09 143 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)

                          9.
4/10/1944 09 144 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 HARTE F.W. LT P 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
4/10/1944 09 144 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE

                           10.
4/11/1944 09 145 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 HARTE F.W. LT P 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 KING B.L. F/O NAV 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
4/11/1944 09 145 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.

4/12/1944 09 146 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 KING B.L. F/O NAV 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 HARTE F.W. LT P 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
4/12/1944 09 146 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)

                        11.
4/13/1944 09 147 HARTE F.W. LT P 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 COLEY E.T. S/SGT LWG 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 MCDONALD T.C. S/SGT RWG 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 CORTELLETTY J B S/SGT BTG 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 CARLSON P.V. S/SGT TTE 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 GLASSER L.P. S/SGT ROG 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 CONLEY C.F. LT BOM 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 COPPINGER J.J. LT CP 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 MCMULLIN G.W. S/SGT TG 347 AUGSBURG
4/13/1944 09 147 KING B.L. F/O NAV 347 AUGSBURG
                    
                         12.

CREW ON 22 APR 44 HAMM MISSION

1st Lt Frank W.Harte                         P     KIA           22/4/44  HAMM
2nd Lt John J.Coppinger                   CP     POW        22/4/44  HAMM                    THE ENTIRE CREW WAS ON THIS MISSION
2nd Lt Carl F.Conley                        NAV   KIA          22/4/44  HAMM 
T/Sgt Wallace J.Meyer                    TOG    POW/ WIA    22/4/44  HAMM  (From Lt Henington Crew)   
T/Sgt Weston H.Rodkey                  ROG    POW         22/4/44  HAMM     (From the R.C.Koper crew)
T/Sgt Paul V. "Swede" Carlson        TTE    POW/WIA  22/4/44  HAMM
S/Sgt Felix W.McIntosh                    BTG   POW         22/4/44  HAMM
S/Sgt Thomas C.McDonald              RWG   KIA           22/4/44  HAMM                     MACR #4166,Micro fiche #1475
S/Sgt Edward T.Coley                    LWG    POW/WIA  22/4/44 HAMM                      A/C #42 37783  "DODIE"
S/Sgt George W.McMullin                TG      POW         22/4/44 HAMM

*****************************************************************************************************************
CREW

2nd Lt  James W. McGuire                 P    KlA       28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)  
2nd Lt  Randell I. Bradley                CP     POW    28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)
2nd Lt  John M. Jones                   BOM   POW    28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL) (flew as Navigator on this mission)
 T/Sgt  Frank T. DeGeorge            TT E   POW    28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)  sn 12148386
 T/Sgt  Rodney McCaughin             ROG   KIA      28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)
 S/Sgt  Joseph A. Eck                   TOG    KIA     28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL) (from Lt Harte Original Crew)
 S/Sgt  John R. Ribuffo                  BTG    KIA     28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)
 S/Sgt  Alan R. Dill                       WG      KIA     28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)
 S/Sgt  Donald E. Kuntz               WG      KIA     28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)
 S/Sgt  John . Sabotka                 TG      KIA     28 APR 44  SOTTEVAST (NOBALL)

349th Sqdn. Crew joined group in May 1944.   See SPLASHER  SI  (p. 4  Spring  1975)  Also see   John  Miller  letter  17/3/81.
McGuire and Eck both buried  at Omaha Beach. 12th mission for crew except Eck who was on his
2nd misslon with this crew. S/Sgt Eck was from Lt Harte's Crew  MACR #4238, Microfiche #1503, A/C #42-107056.

Lt Jones was the bombardier of this crew but on 28/04/44 he Was flying as navigator.
Navigator of this crew when it joined the 100th was Lt Eluid J. Knapp who CPT in Aug. 1944.
After completing his tour, Knapp was transferred to S2 (Intelligence). Phone call from
Knapp OII 21/5/85…jb

Eyewitness:  "A/C #056 received a direct flak hit on the # 1 engine. Knocked engine back on wing catching the wing on fire. A/c peeled off into the second element disrupting it and gliding down into the clouds. Two (2) chutes seen. A/C hit at 1020 hours / 4932N and 0130W.
                                Lt. C.H. Cowan
                                Lt. R.W. Wright

 From statements by John M. Jones and Randell L. Bradley after release from POW camp, it is apparent the A/C exploded before all crew members had sufficient time to bail out. Jones, the Bombardier, flew this mission as the Navigator and broke a leg upon landing.  On 02 May 1944, the seven KIAs in this  aircraft were buried in the "English Cementary in Cherbourg."  This aircraft and that of Col. Kelly and Capt William Lakin were shot down near Tamerville (three (3) miles north of Valognes)

  List of Missions of T/Sgt Frank T. DeGeorge (mpf 2001)

1.  1/4/44  LUDWIGSHAVEN
2.  8/4/44  QUACKENBRUCH
3. 10/4/44  MALDEGEM
4. 11/4/44  ROSTOCK
5. 12/4/44  SCHKEUDITZ
6. 13/4/44  AUGSBURG
7. 19/4/44  LIPPSTADT
8. 20/4/44  MARQUENVILLE
9. 25/4/44  DIJON
10. 27/4/44  FLATTENANVILLE
11. 27/4/44  LeCULOT
12. 28/4/44  SOTTEVAST
*****************************************************************************************************************

CAPT. BERYL L. KING MISSIONS:

Date Crew Nbr Mission Nbr Last Name Initial Rank Position Aircraft Nbr Target
1.        3/17/1944 09 131 KING B.L. F/O NAV 31534 MUNICH
2.        3/18/1944 09 132 KING B.L. F/O NAV 31249 MUNCIH
3.        3/19/1944 09 133 KING B.L. F/O NAV 487 MARQUIS, MIMMOYEQUES
4.        3/23/1944 09 135 KING B.L. F/O NAV 957 BRUNSWICK/ WAGGUM
5.        3/26/1944 09 136 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 SCHKEUDITZ/JU-88 PLANT
6.        3/27/1944 09 137 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 BORDEAUX/ MERIGNAC
           3/31/1944 09 139 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 LUDWIGSHAFEN /RECALLED
7.          4/7/1944 09 141 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 QUACKENBRUCK
8.          4/9/1944 09 143 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 KRZESINKI (POSEN)
9.        4/10/1944 09 144 KING B.L. F/O NAV 37783 RHEIMS/ CHAMPAGNE
10.      4/11/1944 09 145 KING B.L. F/O NAV 607 POSEN / ROSTOCK T.O.
           4/12/1944 09 146 KING B.L. F/O NAV 97534 SCHEUDITZ (RECALL)
11.       4/13/1944 09 147 KING B.L. F/O NAV 347 AUGSBURG
12.         5/9/1944 07 114 KING B.L. F/O NAV 107230 LAON/COUVRON; ANTHIES
13.       5/12/1944 07 116 KING B.L. F/O NAV 97127 BRUX, OIL REFINERY
14.       5/12/1944 45 116 KING B.L. LT NAV 97607 BRUX, OIL REFINERY
15.       5/29/1944 12 125 KING B.L. LT NAV 97393 LEIPZIG
16.       5/31/1944 12 127 KING B.L. LT NAV 97393 OSNABRUCK
17.         6/2/1944 UNK 128 KING B.L. LT NAV 107095 BOULOGNE
18.         6/4/1944 45 130 KING B.L. LT NAV 107137 BOULOGNE
19.         6/5/1944 39 131 KING B.L. LT NAV 97393 BOULOGNE
20.         6/6/1944 39 -132 KING B.L. LT NAV 97393 OUISTREHAM
21.         6/6/1944 45 -132 KING B.L. LT NAV 107137 FALAISE
23.         6/7/1944 39 -135 KING B.L. LT NAV 97393 NANTES (BRIDGES)
24.       6/12/1944 07 -138 KING B.L. LT NAV 107211 ROSIERES & DUNKIRK
25.       6/15/1944 07 -140 KING B.L. LT NAV 107211 MITBURG & WILSTER
26        6/21/1944                  KING   B.L.   LT   NAV               RUHLAND (RUSSIAN SHUTTLE)
27.       6/26/1944 01 149 KING B.L. LT NAV 31986 DROHOBY, CZ (RUSSIAN SHUTTLE)
28.       7/13/1944 01 159 KING B.L. LT NAV 37823 MUNICH (JET ENGINES)
29.       7/17/1944 01 161 KING B.L. LT NAV 37823 AUXERRE & MONTGOURNOY
30.       7/24/1944 01 166 KING B.L. LT NAV 37823 ST LO (GND SUPPORT)
31.       7/25/1944 01 167 KING B.L. LT NAV 37823 ST LO (GND SUPPORT)
32.        9/5/1944 PFF 190 KING B.L. LT PFF 770 STUTTGART (AERO ENGS)

This is an article my dad, Beryl L. King, (O-886853, Navigator, 349th Bombardment Squadron (H), 100th Bombardment Group (H)) wrote after he returned from the war for a Univ. of Iowa Communications Skills course. I did not know if it would be of interest to you.

 

The Defeat of the Luftwaffe

In 1939, when Hitler’s Luftwaffe struck at Poland, Holland, Belgium, it was mostly comprised of Stuka dive bombers. They were very successful in their campaign on the enemies’ gun-free cities and made the name “German Luftwaffe” feared by every nation.

With the winning of Dunkirk, Hitler converted his airplane factories to the manufacture of heavy bombers. He stressed the building of Heinkels and Junkers because he thought that Britain needed “softening up” before an invasion. This was one of the grave and costly mistakes the Fuhrer made; if he had manufactured some type of heavily armored fighter plane along with the bombers, the outcome of the war might have been different.

The Battle of Britain was divided into three phases. In the first two phases the Luftwaffe sought to secure the Channel, ground the R.A.F., and destroy its airfields. The last phase was the raids on London, and later other cities and towns. Large formations of bombers came over at thirty thousand feet, and speedy Messerschmitts, fitted with bombs, made “hit and run” raids. All these attacks failed with losses too heavy for the Luftwaffe to bear. In day raids alone, the Nazis sacrificed 2,375 planes and their crews, while the British lost altogether 375 pilots. Four-cannon Hurricanes and six-gun Spitfires, outnumbered by the Messerschmitts, nevertheless outfought them two and three to one. Nazi bombers failed no less than their fighters. Unlike such British and American heavies as the Lancasters, Liberators, and Flying Fortresses, they did not have the armor, fire power and bomb capacity to undertake strategic bombing by themselves. Want of efficient ground crews and of stockpiles of spare parts for repairs robbed the Nazi bombers of the staying power necessary to deliver a defeat in the Battle of Britain. Never again did the German command rely on air power alone to crush an enemy.

In 1941 Hitler invaded Russia. This action was the second factor in weakening the German Air Force because it dispersed its airpower on two fronts. At the start of this invasion, Hitler had 2,300 planes on the Russian front, but he underestimated the power of the Russian Air Force and as a result suffered severe losses in his drive through the Ukraine.

In late 1942 the R.A.F. and the A.A.F. started day and night bombing raids on continental Europe. This movement caused the Nazis to begin manufacture of fighter planes, under the continual bombing of the Allies. The Germans in haste engaged in the mass production of fighters and had factories making specific plane parts in different sections of the country. This system worked very unsatisfactorily because the English and American air forces could hit one factory and put the whole German airplane manufacturing system out of commission.

History may well disclose that the last stand of the German Air Force began in February 1944. An air arm which cannot supply itself with replacements is doomed. In February Nazi fighter production received such a hammering from the air that it failed to keep pace with the numbers destroyed. From that time on the Luftwaffe was a beaten air force.

May times in following months the Luftwaffe put up some one-day battles but did not greatly hamper the Allied air offensive. In desperation the Germans tried the manufacture of many secret weapons which for the most part proved unsuccessful, but to some extent slowed the Allied war machine. The radical advancements in aircraft came too late to change the tide of the war.


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Well, we've looked at pictures but dad was not able to speak well enough for me to understand any names he did remember. He said he flew with the Harte crew for 15 missions but was reassigned on the 16th which is the one that didn't come home. I tried to find out where he was assigned after that but he was fairly upset. He did say that he was not assigned as lead navigator until later, though. I scanned a few photos that others may be able to identify. He was somewhat reticent about becoming involved….. He very seldom ever talks of the war.
----- Original Message ----- 
From: MPFaley@aol.com 
To: mbgardner2@cox.net 
Sent: Monday, May 25, 2009 4:57 PM
Subject: Re: Beryl L King


I could use your help BIG TIME.  I could use a Crew photo of Lt Frank Harte Crew that your Dad was part of.  I am sure he has a crew photo somewhere in his collection.  Plus any other photos of Crew he flew with while at Thorpe Abbotts.  Can you ask your Father when he was taken off the HarteCrew.  My feeling was to become a  Lead Navigator?  All you have to do with the pictures is to Scan them at 300 bpi at highest quality and send them as Jpegs along with any and all ID in the photos.  Thank You very much.  

My dad was part of your group during the war. He lives in Arizona.... 15037 W Woodridge Drive, Surprise, AZ  85374
If I wanted to send you photos, how would I do that?

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Beryl Lavern King

B: 9/12/1922

D: 11/21/11

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: DATE:  
AIRCRAFT: CAUSE:  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  
ID: 2804