100th Bomb Group C.O. (02 Aug 45 - Deactivation)
1. Commendation 03 January 1945
2. Honor Roll Crew List March 1945
3. Letter from E.C. Smith
4. Autobiographical Data
5. Letter from Gene Greenwood
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 4 1/3/1945
The 351st Bombardment Squadron (H), is commended for outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy during the period 31 July to 2 November 1944. During this period, the squadron participated in fifty-two (52) consecutive missions without the loss of a single crew or aircraft. On these missions operations, more than 400 aircraft were dispatched and only eleven (11) aircraft aborted. Eight hundred and forth three (843) tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs were dropped on enemy targets which included Venlo, Hamburg, Berlin, Ludwigshaven, Bremen, Madgeburg, Munster, Merseburg; as well as Szolnok, Hungary and the supply mission to Warsaw, Poland. Although many of the aircraft returned from these missions with extensive battle damage, highly efficient maintenance crews expeditiously repaired the crippled bombers and enabled the courageous airmen to resume operations in the shortest possible time. The skill in operational and planning and the courage displayed by the combat crews in all attacks have not only insured the high degree of efficiency necessary to establish this record, but have also resulted in a material contribution to the successful prosecution of the war against the enemy.
This splendid teamwork, courage and devotion to duty displayed by the Officers and Men of the 351st Bombardment Squadron reflect the highest credit upon themselves and the Unites States Army Air Forces:
By command of Major General Partridge:
HONOR ROLL CREWS:
There are only two pilots appearing more than once on the March 1945 Honor Roll Crew List, Lt Col. Harry F. Cruver of the 100th and Lt Col. Cumbaa of the 95th
Letter to Harry F. Cruver, his old Squadron Commander, from Edgar C. Smith dated 27 Dec 1993
These are the only pictures I have of your plane, not very good, English film and developing. I have a good picture of Lt Klinikowski and his crew taken so the nose art shows. The plane is Mason & Dixon. The picture was taken when I was a member of the ground crew. Do you remember the 300th mission party? You poured a a canteen cup of beer on Dewy Christopher's (well known 100th Flight Chief...pw) and about fifteen minutes later he walked behind you, lifted your cap and poured a cup of beer on your head. Then at midnight you came through the barracks turning over all the beds that had anyone in them, of course I was in bed and you dumped me, you sure were having a good time. Memories.. As Ever Edgar C. Smith
HARRY F. CRUVER Autobiographical Highlights
MILITARY ( I938 - 1966)
1. 12/31/40 Appointed flying cadet after two (2) years active duty with the Regular Army, 2nd Infantry Division as 2nd Lt Lieutenant. (General Eisenhower was then a Lt. Col.)
2. 1/21/41 First military solo, PT - 17 (Stearman) Jackson, Mississippi Airport.
3. 3/15/41 Altercation with service station attendant, Jackson. MS: Primary Commanding Officer sends letter to Basic Flight Training Commanding Officer at Gunter Field, Alabama.
4. 3/15/41 - 6/1 /44 Gunter Field room confinement and "tours" (predetermined amount of time spent walking, usually wearing a parachute for a minor infraction) galore (100 plus hours); walking marathon and room confinement related to item No #3 above. LUPER (Notorious Cadet Commandant!: "Mr. Cruver, your commission is in jeopardy." CRUVER: "Sir, please tell where Jeopardy is and I'll take a cross-country and pick it up." Still more demerits and tours for hurling saber 25 yards while presenting arms at LUPER's Farewell Parade at Gunter Field.
5. 6/1/41 - 7/16/41 Additional tour accumulations at Maxwell Field before and after commissioning. Curfew violation and other minor incidents resulted in continuation of walking while classmates returned home to show off wings and gold bars.
6. 12/6/41 - 12/7/41 First solo cross-country as pilot to Fort Ogelthorpe, Georgia. Pearl Harbor is announced.
7. 7/7/43 Executed super "buzz job" on home town of Eagle, Wisconsin and environs.
8. 12/31/44 Flew 23 missions over Germany in B-!7's. Twelfth sortie flown just four years to the day after flying cadet appointment. (See item #I) Led the 100th Bomb Group on a major raid to Hamburg, Germany with heavy anti-aircraft and intense German fighter opposition. After "bombs away", all ammunition was expended and remaining planes were "sitting ducks" at the 90 mph ground speed (caused by extreme head wind conditions) and no friendly fighter support. Destroyed 23 of the attacking enemy aircraft but lost twelve (12) of the thirty-eight (38) B- 17's and one hundred eleven (111) airmen. Two B- 17 aircraft locked together and the pilots on one aircraft (Rojohn) maneuvered to a safe landing near the North Sea coast, piggy-back fashion. (See Glen Rojohn and William MacNab files)...pw
9. 1959 - 1966 Served for eight years at the Pentagon with the Air Staff and with the office of the Secretary of Defense.
Military Service Summary
1939 - 1940
1940 - 1941
1941 - 1944
1944 - 1945
1946 - 1949
1950 - 1951
1951 - 1954
1955 - 1957
1959 - 1961
1963 - 1966
POST MILITARY (1966 - PRESENT)
10. 1966 - 1982
11. 1983 - 1986
12. 1987 - 1989
Addendum by Paul West, 100th Group Historian:
Letter to Harry F. Cruver dated 06 Nov 1993 from G. Gene Greewood, 351st Pilot:
Dear Harry: Excuse the word processor, but my handwriting is worse than yours. Anyway thank you for your great letter and photo of Frances and me. Your flattering remark is noted. In that regard you might be interested in what I did post WWII. I kept track of your career, so I know what you did--also, Jeffrey and Sutterlin. I thought I wanted to be an airline pilot, so I earned the licenses, but when TWA offered me a job, I soon realized that I wanted an Air Force career. I'm so thankful I did, for I had a beautiful and rewarding career and retired in July l975 as a Colonel. Then I spent four years as Dean of Administration and Finance for a college here in Florida; then I spent about 10 years as a real estate broker. Now, I'm fully retired and perform volunteer work for the city and county governments. In fact I just completed chairing the search committee for a new county administrator. My most rewarding volunteer job is Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the local Community College. The Air Force gave me a superb education; graduate school and War College so now its pay-back time.
Now, about flying "FRANCES MARK' AND PHIL" back home. Larry Lazzari and I flew her home. During WWII I was Larry's co-pilot. I still have the orders where you made me a first pilot. Bob Ellis checked me out and later I checked him out in the C-47 and UC-64. Anyway Larry and I teamed up along with Arnold Mogensen as Navigator, and T/Sgt George Holden and S/Sgt Ray Drewek. The orders which I have a copy, indicate we were crew NO. 42-97712 (I believe that this is the tail number of your plane??? I have a complete set of orders of every assignment and personnel action for my 32 plus years. Here's the itinerary of our trip home; flying times taken from my Form 5. 16 October 1945 left Thorpe Abbotts for Marseille - 17th Left Marsille for Casablanca - 18th left Casablanca for Dakar - 19th left Dakar for Natal, Brazil - 21st left Natal for Atkinson Field, British Guiana now Guyana - 22nd left Atkinson Field for Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico now Rame - 23 left Borinquen for Morrison Field - now Palm Beach Airport. Before we left the plane at Morrison, we drew straws to see who would keep the binoculars, sextant and tool kit. I won the binoculars, and still use them today. That is the last time that I saw "FRANCES MARK AND PHIL" for we departed I didn't know Edgar Smith, at least I don't remember him. Our crew chief-was M/Sgt Bobby Hargraves. On 23 February by train for Camp Blanding Florida the following day.
SAD NOTE; I just now received my TROA magazine, and in checking the obituaries, I see that General Fred Sutterlin died. I was in Tampa two weeks ago at attending a Community College conference and I tried to find his phone number, with no success. My Air Force Register indicates that he retired as a BG December 1967.
1945 (Marburg) we had a mid-air with Guardino; his tail bent our left wing outboard of the #1 engine. That night Sgt Hargraves and 2 or 3 corporals installed a new wing section and we flew it on two missions the next day. I wonder if that feat could be duplicated today? In Viet Nam I was the operations officer for the Caribou Wing at Cam Ranh Bay; I doubt that feat could be duplicated today? - doubt if we could have accomplished the same impossible feat.
I'll give your surgeon's poem to my son; having a good sense of humor, he'll enjoy it. I left a message on your recorder, regarding a picture that I have of a B-17 at Borinquen with a 'T" on the tail. Could that be "FRANCES MARK AND PHIL' - This letter is too long. hope you re not too bored. Gene P.S. Enclosed is a photo of the 100th BG emblem at the 8tn AF exhibit at Duxford, Enqland Air Museum. P.S. #2 I just got a new powerful magnifying glass and the tail number on the B-17 at Borinquen is 297712; it has to be your plane..
LEAD CREW -- UNNA -- 23 MAR 1945
LEAD CREW -- Swinemunde -- 12 MAR 1945
Storm Rhode joined the 100th without a crew and rapidly became a lead Navigator and finally one of the Group's best Mickey Operators. He completed a regular tour with the 04 Mar 1944 Dortmund mission ; continued to fly as a Radar Navigator with lead crews where he received several commendations.